Theatre Lighting is a mixture of technical and artistic skill. It takes about 12 hours to cover all of the following so it is recommended to do it in several sections. As an overview it can be covered in 4 hours. There is no shortcut to good lighting.
TECHNICAL SKILLS – Stage Lighting Mechanics
Safety Guidelines For The Entertainment Industry can be found on the Live Performance Australia website https://liveperformance.com.au/resource?keyword=safety
Health Public Buildings Act http://www.public.health.wa.gov.au/cproot/1718/2/Public%20Buildings%20Guidelines%20Final.pdf
Working At Heights Code Of Practice https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/model-code-practice-managing-risk-falls-workplaces
Lighting Bars – http://www.jands.com.au/brands/jands/lighting_bars/jlx_lite
Lantern yoke, locks, safety wire, colour frame, accessories
Platform ladders – http://www.sydneytools.com.au/shopexd.asp?id=16921&bc=no
Elevated Work Platforms
Objectives of stage lighting.
Illumination or Selective Visibility
Dimension or Composition – keeping it 3D
Selectivity – revealing and hiding
Atmosphere or Mood – controlling the audiences perception of time or place.
Properties of light
Intensity – Dimmers, neutral density gels
Shape – shutters, barndoors, gobos, edge focus, smoke or haze.
Colour – black and white are colours
Movement – walking through gobos, rotating gobos, moving lights, projection.
Electrical safety. – http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg247.pdf
Earthing of lanterns
Visual Inspection before Every use.
Testing and Tagging
Basic lantern types.
Profiles – Base Down and Axial or Ellipsoid
Fresnels – lens – barndoors
McAndless method – front keylights 45 degree each side and up and backlight
Dance – Sidelight, backlight and frontlight
Music – Atmospheric, light sheet music, liaasse with musicians
Modern theatre desk – programming and use
Computer based – Light Factory – programming and use.
Moving lights desks –
Calculation of Power usage
Watts is power consumption of a fixture
Three phase power
Patching and cables.
Additive Mixing – Primary RGB, Secondary CMY
Gels – Swatch books – The Art of Light – Lee http://www.clearlight.com.au/media/Lee_Filters/lee_filters_brochure.pdf The Rosco Guide to Color Filters http://www.clearlight.com.au/media/Rosco_Filters/rosco_filters_brochure.pdf
Dichroic colour filters
Gobos – fixed and moving
Effects projectors – Flame, water ripple, clouds, snow, strobes, u/v, moons, stars
Lamps, candles, scrims, haze, smoke
ARTISTIC SKILLS – Stage Lighting Design
Basic stage lighting design.
Stage areas – usually same as director – DSL,DSC,DSR, MSL,C,R, USL,C,R
Script Analysis – read through to get feeling, then to get cues and state changes
use a pencil and put tabs of pages for lighting cues.
Drawing Scale – usually 1:25 –
Scale plan and side elevation of the set
Stencils – speed up drawing plan, protractor, ruler, erasor – http://www.clsa.com.au/sales/stencils/stencils.html
Circuit or patch – octagonal box
Desk channel – circle
Dimmer channel – square box
Rigging a show
Square one rig.
Setting Fade Times
Stage workers for scene changes
Editing StacksRunning s show
Page updated 15 May 2023